Pyrography is an ancient and unusual art, traditionally the art of wood burning. The effect is achieved by scorching the surface to various depths of brown to produce a picture. It gives a similar impression to that of a pen and ink drawing, or an engraving, but is capable of additional subtle and beautiful effects. Indeed, anything that burns can be used as a substrate for this work and it has been executed on leather, velvet, cork, paper and glass.

Pyrography is frequently used in conjunction with wood carving in order to add depth to a piece. It can be used to create shadows or to bring out things such as hair or feathers. In Marquetry it can be used to add details such as facial features or perhaps, like carving, to show feathers or hair.